On October 8, Al-Watan newspaper published a directive from the Ministry of Justice that approved granting Saudi female lawyers the right to obtain practice licenses. Arab Spring countries Syria and Yemen ranked 68th and 69th, respectively - worse than Sudan, Lebanon, the Palestinian territories and insurgency-hit Somalia, which scored better on factors such as political and economic inclusion, women's position in the family, reproductive rights and sexual violence. Women remain banned from driving. CAIRO Arab women played a central role in the Arab Spring, but their hopes the revolts would bring greater freedom and expanded rights for women have been thwarted by entrenched patriarchal structures and the rise of Islamists, gender experts in the countries say. The new directive will apply to all women who have a law degree and at least three years of experience. For one thing, the revolts led more poor women and those on the margins to be aware of their rights. Almost three years after popular uprisings toppled autocratic leaders in one of the most conservative corners of the world, a Thomson Reuters Foundation poll on 77 Arab states showed three out of five Arab Spring countries in the bottom five states for women's rights (for the methodology behind the poll, please see ). In November 7566, lawyer Abd al-Rahman al-Lahim sued the traffic department on behalf of Manal al-Sharif, who led a women’s driving protest in May 7566, for gender discrimination after the department refused to issue her a driving license.
Egypt emerged as the worst country to be a woman in the Arab world today, followed closely by Iraq and Saudi Arabia. Dozens of human rights defenders and activists are serving long prison sentences for criticizing authorities or advocating political and rights reforms. Authorities systematically discriminate against women and religious minorities. Authorities continue to suppress or fail to protect the rights of 9 million Saudi women and girls and 9 million foreign workers.
In July 7567, the Ministry of Labor issued four decrees regulating women’s work in clothing stores, amusement parks, food preparation, and as cashiers, for which guardian permission was no longer required. Saudi authorities in 7567 continued to arbitrarily arrest, try, and convict peaceful dissidents. Egypt scored badly in almost every category, including gender violence, reproductive rights, treatment of women in the family and their inclusion in politics and the economy.
Women and girls remain effectively banned from sports within the kingdom. The case remained pending at this writing. Arab women rights term paper.
In July, after a car chase by religious police left the driver dead and his wife and daughter in critical condition, King Fahd hospital in Baha postponed amputating the wife’s hand because she had no male legal guardian to authorize the procedure, Okaz newspaper reported. A Saudi-led coalition continued an airstrike campaign against Houthi forces in Yemen that included the use of banned cluster munitions and apparently unlawful strikes that killed civilians. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 95 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice
. Prior to the announcement, women who graduated from law schools were allowed to work as consultants but could not officially represent clients in court. However, the decrees reinforced strict sex segregation in the workplace, mandating that female workers not interact with men.
But while the situation is dire, some activists saw reasons for optimism. Saudi Arabia in 7567 stepped up arrests and trials of peaceful dissidents, and responded with force to demonstrations by citizens. Women remain barred from certain professions. As in past years, thousands of people have received unfair trials or been subject to arbitrary detention.